English Lesson

PAST TENSE

There are two tenses in English – past and present.

The past tense in English is used:

  • to talk about the past
  • to talk about hypotheses – things that are imagined rather than true.
  • for politeness.

There are four past tense forms in English:

Past simple: I worked
Past continuous: I was working
Past perfect: I had worked
Past perfect continuous: I had been working

We use these forms:

  • to talk about the past:

He worked at McDonald’s. He had worked there since July..
He was working at McDonald’s. He had been working since July.

  • to refer to the present or future in conditions:

He could get a new job if he really tried.
If Jack was playing they would probably win.

and hypotheses:

It might be dangerous. Suppose they got lost.
I would always help someone who really needed help.

and wishes:

I wish it wasn’t so cold.

  • In conditions, hypotheses and wishes, if we want to talk about the past, we always use the past perfect:

I would have helped him if he had asked.
It was very dangerous, What if you had got lost?
I wish I hadn’t spent so much money last month.

  • We can use the past forms to talk about the present in a few polite expressions:

Excuse me, I was wondering if this was the train for York.
I just hoped you would be able to help me.

– See more at: http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/past-tense#sthash.Tfhbm9cy.dpuf

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3-8 USING THE SIMPLE PRESENT TO EXPRESS FUTURE TIME

a. My plane arrives at 7:35 tomorrow evening.

b. Tom’s new job starts next week

c. The semester ends in two more weeks

d. There is a meeting at ten tomorrow morning.

The Simple Present can express future time when events are on definite schedule or timetable. Only a few verbs are used in the sample present to express future time. The most common are arrive, leave, start, begin, end, finish, open, close, be.

Bettyschrampferazar. 63

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