There are two tenses in English – past and present.
The past tense in English is used:
- to talk about the past
- to talk about hypotheses – things that are imagined rather than true.
- for politeness.
There are four past tense forms in English:
|Past simple:||I worked|
|Past continuous:||I was working|
|Past perfect:||I had worked|
|Past perfect continuous:||I had been working|
We use these forms:
- to talk about the past:
He worked at McDonald’s. He had worked there since July..
He was working at McDonald’s. He had been working since July.
- to refer to the present or future in conditions:
He could get a new job if he really tried.
If Jack was playing they would probably win.
It might be dangerous. Suppose they got lost.
I would always help someone who really needed help.
I wish it wasn’t so cold.
- In conditions, hypotheses and wishes, if we want to talk about the past, we always use the past perfect:
I would have helped him if he had asked.
It was very dangerous, What if you had got lost?
I wish I hadn’t spent so much money last month.
- We can use the past forms to talk about the present in a few polite expressions:
Excuse me, I was wondering if this was the train for York.
I just hoped you would be able to help me.
3-8 USING THE SIMPLE PRESENT TO EXPRESS FUTURE TIME
a. My plane arrives at 7:35 tomorrow evening.
b. Tom’s new job starts next week
c. The semester ends in two more weeks
d. There is a meeting at ten tomorrow morning.
The Simple Present can express future time when events are on definite schedule or timetable. Only a few verbs are used in the sample present to express future time. The most common are arrive, leave, start, begin, end, finish, open, close, be.
Sunday, 11 – 12 – 2016
On your calendar there will not be room to write the whole name of each day. Here are the names of the days and the short way of writing each one.
How does the name of each day begin?
The short way of writing the name of a day is called the abbreviation. How does each abbreviation begin? What mark follows each abbreviation?
Here are some rules to remember
Begin the name of a day with a capital letter
Begin its abbreviation with a capitalletter
Put a period after the abbreviation
Practice Capital Letter
- Turn to page 33. Copy the names of the days. Beside each name, copy its abbreviation. When you finish , check your papper. Did you spell each word right? Did you use capital letters and periods correctly?
- Write the names of the months. When you finish, turn to page 14 and look at the name that you wrote. Did you speel it right? Did you begin it with a capital letter?
- Write two sentences. In one, tell your favorite month. In the other, tell your favorite day of the week. Your sentence maybe like these: 1. My favorite month is …?, 2. My favorite day is …?. Check each sentence that you have written.
- Write these names correctly. Remember the rules for writing initials. They are on page 32. Mr. c h dale miss helen h kane f s miller
- Study each of these sentences. See where capital letters and punctuation marks are used. see how each word is spelled. Write each sentence as your teacher reads it to you:1. My Birth day is next Thursday. 2) School began in September. 3) Is Bob birthday in July or August?. 4) George Washington was born in February. When you finish, check your work